Poaching and the Illegal Wildlife Trade
Tusk was launched in 1990 in response to a poaching crisis in Africa, which was pushing the black rhino towards extinction and seeing 100,000 elephant slaughtered each year. With Tusk’s help, rapid intervention and a trade ban turned the tide, and rhino and elephant populations began to recover. Tragically, poaching has returned throughout Africa, and Tusk is once again at the forefront of efforts to tackle it.
- The illegal wildlife trade has become the fourth most lucrative transnational crime after drugs, arms and human trafficking.
- Worth as much as $20billion per year, this trade threatens international security, national sovereignties, impoverished rural communities, and countless animals.
- Up to 30,000 African elephants are killed each year for their tusks; that’s one every 15 minutes, a rate that populations cannot sustain.
- Experts estimate that 70% of the African forest elephant population has been wiped out in the past 10 years.
- In South Africa – home to 80% of the world’s population – rhino numbers went from 13 killed in 2007 to 1,215 in 2014; a rate of at least 3 rhino every day. Rhino horn is now worth more than gold, yet is the same material as hair and fingernails.
- Already threatened by habitat loss and conflict with people, African lions are now also being targeted by poachers for traditional Chinese medicine, with their bones serving as a substitute for tiger bones.
- Pangolins have become the most illegally trafficked animal in the world for their meat and scales – which are used in traditional medicine – and all species are severely threatened as a result.
Intervention is required at every stage of the trade: anti-poaching patrols to stop the supply; international cooperation and tight border controls to stop the trafficking; and awareness campaigns to reduce demand in the destination countries.
Tusk supports rangers on the frontline of the war against poaching in ten different countries, helps empower local communities to protect their wildlife, and invests in the awareness programmes of WildAid, to reduce the demand in the Asian consumer countries.
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Read more here:
- Alarming Results from the Great Elephant Census
- Keeping the Fire Alight: Historic Ivory Burn in Kenya
- The Elephant Protection Initiative is lighting up across Africa
- Prince William tells ITV News: The world has 5-10 years to save the rhino
- UK Government invests in Tusk's Anti-Poaching efforts
- Prince William calls for greater action to stop the illegal wildlife trade
- The Duke of Cambridge's speech on the illegal wildlife trade at the World Bank, Washington D.C., USA