Mountain Bongo

Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci

Tusk Trust - Bongo

Critically Endangered

Description

The mountain bongo is a critically endangered subspecies of the bongo, one of the largest forest antelopes, with a reddish-brown coat, with black, white and yellow-white markings. Both males and females have long, slightly spiralled horns. Bongos are rarely seen in large herds. Bulls are mostly solitary, while females with young form small herds of up to 10. They are mostly nocturnal.

Lifespan

Up to 20 years

Population

Critically endangered, with an estimated 100 individuals across four isolated locations in Kenya.

Habitat & Range

The mountain bongo is found in the montane forests of the Kenyan highlands, including the Aberdares and Mount Kenya.  

Diet

Mountain bongos are mostly grazers, feeding on leaves, vines, bark and occasionally grass. They need salt in their diet and regularly visit mineral licks. 

Threats

The decline of the mountain bongo has been caused by habitat loss and illegal hunting with dogs. Disease (such as rinderpest) caught from grazing cattle is also thought to have been a significant factor in their historic decline.

Conservation

Habitat protection and monitoring of the small remaining populations is critical for their survival, while captive breeding and reintroduction to Mount Kenya could also play a role (there are more mountain bongo in captivity than in the wild). Tusk supports the Bongo Surveillance Programme, which studies and protects their largest population of about 50 in the Aberdares.

How to help

  • Donate

    With your generous support, Tusk can, and will, continue to make a lasting difference for the wildlife and people of Africa. More than 80% of your donation will go directly towards the cause.

    Donate Now
  • Fundraise

    There are lots of fun and fantastic ways to get involved and raise much needed funds for Tusk and our work in Africa. We’re here to support you along the way…

    Find Out More
  • Subscribe

    We would love to keep you up to date with news from our projects, events, fundraising campaigns and more. Please join our mailing list to receive our news by email.

    Sign-Up Now